You might notice your gums bleeding during routine brushing and flossing. While some people think it’s just a sign of brushing too hard, bleeding gums is not normal and is an indication of the early stages of gum disease, a bacterial infection of the gums also referred to as periodontitis.
The key to preventing complications from gum disease is early diagnosis and intervention. Advanced stages of gum disease include tooth loss, bone loss, and receding gums. Your at-home oral care routine is the single most effective way to prevent gum disease.
Dr. Doyle Freano, Jr. is a Lexington, KY dentist who offers routine screenings for gum disease and a full range of periodontal services to address the varying stages of gingivitis and periodontitis.
What Causes Bleeding Gums?
There are many reasons you may experience bleeding gums. Here on the common reasons for bleeding gums:
Flossing every day and brushing your teeth twice a day are the most important preventative measures against gum disease. Naturally-occurring oral bacteria are constantly building up on the teeth, and if left alone the bacteria can cause inflammation and irritation in the gums, leading to gingivitis.
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease, and you’ll know you have it if you have bleeding gums. At this stage, gum disease is reversible. Your dentist can work with you to improve the health of the gums.
The longer that bleeding gums are left untreated, the more likely you are to experience advanced stages of gum disease. Periodontitis is a bacterial infection that requires treatment. As gum disease progresses, your gums may recede and allow even more bacteria to settle and destroy tissue below the gum line and into the jaw bone. This may lead to tooth and bone loss.
Women who are pregnant experience many hormone changes. Studies have shown that pregnant women are at a higher risk of gingivitis, making oral health even more important during this time.
Contact your dentist right away if you are pregnant and notice any changes in your dental health. They will be able to work with you to keep your teeth and gums healthy while pregnant to ensure a healthy baby.
Certain types of medication can increase your risk of bleeding gums. For example, aspirin, birth control, and blood pressure medication can contribute to bleeding gums. It is important to let our team know about the medicines you are taking so we can determine if that is contributing to your bleeding gums.
When Do I Need to See a Dentist for Bleeding Gums?
Visit your dentist twice a year for a routine dental exam, screening, and professional teeth cleaning. However, if you notice any changes in your oral health, schedule an appointment with your dentist.
Dr. Freano is an experienced dentist in Lexington, KY who can help you achieve healthier teeth and gums. He can develop a personalized treatment plan to restore health and balance to your smile.
To schedule an appointment, call 859.554.1586 or request an appointment online.